The traditional Japanese futon bed differs in a number of ways from a “Western” futon. A Japanese futon is designed to be lightweight, portable and easy to keep away during the day. Unlike the western futon, which does not come with a frame that makes it a sofa; rather; It is simply a light mattress to which the bedding is applied.
The mattress component of a Japanese futon is called shikibuton. The mattress has an exterior of the fabric and is usually filled with ball cotton or wool. The shikibuton is designed to be placed on a tatami mat, which is a traditional form of Japanese soil, made of rice straw and straw tissue fever. Shikibutons are between 4 and 9 inches thick. The thinner ones are lighter and easier to transport, but the thicker tend to provide more comfort.
The bedding forms the other part of the futon, and was removed with the shikibuton. The main part of the bedding is called kakebuton, and it is a thick quilt. This is sometimes replaced by a mofu, which is a thinner blanket, in warmer months. There is also a traditional pillow for the Japanese futon, called makura. The makura is full of buckwheat straw or beans. Some modern makuras are full of plastic balls. The futon is a traditional Japanese bed, but times have changed and most residents of Japan sleep in a bed with a modern frame and a mattress. However, the futon is still useful in contemporary society.